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AZ-500 Case Study 02

This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.

To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.

Contoso, Ltd. is a consulting company that has a main office in Montreal and two branch offices in Seattle and New York.

The company hosts its entire server infrastructure in Azure.

Contoso has two Azure subscriptions named Sub1 and Sub2. Both subscriptions are associated to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.

Contoso.com contains the users shown in the following table.

Name

City

Role

User1

Montreal

Global administrator

User2

MONTREAL

Security administrator

User3

London

Privileged role administrator

User4

Ontario

Application administrator

User5

Seattle

Cloud application administrator

User6

Seattle

User administrator

User7

Sydney

Reports reader

User8

Sydney

None

User9

Sydney

Owner

Contoso.com contains the security groups shown in the following table.

Name

Membership type

Dynamic membership rule

Group1

Dynamic user

user.city -contains “ON”

Group2

Dynamic user

user.city -match “*on”

Sub1 contains six resource groups named RG1, RG2, RG3, RG4, RG5, and RG6.

User9 creates the virtual networks shown in the following table.

Name

Resource group

VNET1

RG1

VNET2

RG2

VNET3

RG3

VNET4

RG4

 

Sub1 contains the locks shown in the following table.

Name

Set on

Lock type

Lock1

RG1

Delete

Lock2

RG2

Read-only

Lock3

RG3

Delete

Lock4

RG3

Read-only

 

Sub1 contains the Azure policies shown in the following table.

Policy definition

Resource type

Scope

Allowed resource types

networkSecurityGroups

RG4

Not allowed resource types

virtualNetworks/subnets

RG5

Not allowed resource types

networkSecurityGroups

RG5

Not allowed resource types

virtualNetworks/virtualNetworkPeerings

RG6

Sub2 contains the virtual networks shown in the following table.

Name

Subnet

VNetwork1

Subnet11, Subnet12, and Subnet13

VNetwork2

Subnet21

Sub2 contains the virtual machines shown in the following table.

Name

Network interface

Application Security group

Connected to

VM1

NIC1

ASG1

Subnet11

VM2

NIC2

ASG2

Subnet11

VM3

NIC3

None

Subnet12

VM4

NIC4

ASG1

Subnet13

VM5

NIC5

None

Subnet21

All virtual machines have public IP addresses and the Web Server (IIS) role installed. The firewalls for each virtual machine allow ping requests and web requests.

Sub2 contains the network security groups (NSGs) shown in the following table.

Name

Associated to

NSG1

NIC2

NSG2

Subnet11

NSG3

Subnet13

NSG4

Subnet21

NSG1 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

Priority

Port

Protocol

Source

Destination

Action

65000

Any

Any

VirtualNetwork

VirtualNetwork

Allow

65001

Any

Any

AzureLoadBalancer

Any

Allow

65500

Any

Any

Any

Any

Deny

 

NSG2 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

Priority

Port

Protocol

Source

Destination

Action

100

80

TCP

Internet

VirtualNetwork

Allow

65000

Any

Any

VirtualNetwork

VirtualNetwork

Allow

65001

Any

Any

AzureLoadBalancer

Any

Allow

65500

Any

Any

Any

Any

Deny

NSG3 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

Priority

Port

Protocol

Source

Destination

Action

100

Any

TCP

ASG1

ASG1

Allow

150

Any

Any

ASG2

VirtualNtwork

Allow

200

Any

Any

Any

Any

Denny

65000

Any

Any

VirtualNetwork

VirtualNetwork

Allow

65001

Any

Any

AzureLoadBalancer

Any

Allow

65500

Any

Any

Any

Any

Deny

 

NSG4 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

Priority

Port

Protocol

Source

Destination

Action

100

Any

Any

Any

Any

Allow

65000

Any

Any

VirtualNetwork

VirtualNetwork

Allow

65001

Any

Any

AzureLoadBalancer

Any

Allow

65500

Any

Any

Any

Any

Deny

 

NSG1, NSG2, NSG3, and NSG4 have the outbound security rules shown in the following table.

Priority

Port

Protocol

Source

Destination

Action

65000

Any

Any

VirtualNetwork

VirtualNetwork

Allow

65001

Any

Any

Any

Internet

Allow

65500

Any

Any

Any

Any

Deny

Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:

  • Deploy Azure Firewall to VNetwork1 in Sub2.
  • Register an application named App2 in contoso.com.
  • Whenever possible, use the principle of least privilege.
  • Enable Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) for contoso.com.